ANIELLE VON FINCKENSTEIN
WHEN PEOPLE ENTER into long-term relationships, they often embrace a 'what's-mine-is-yours' approach to sharing their lives with each other.
While this type of 'collaborative' lifestyle does have its advantages – not least the convenience and cost-effectiveness of a shared or linked bank account or the ability to purchase a bigger property by pooling your income as co-applicants for a bond, it is important to realise that a shared approach to financial management is not without its risks.
Surviving partners may face financial challenges and difficult choices on the death of their life partners.
This highlights the potential risks couples need to consider when they make the decision to share everything, including their financial resources.
While sharing all your money matters transparently may have some romantic appeal and could offer financial benefits, it is vital that couples enter into this type of financial relationship with their eyes open to the potential risks it presents.
The most important, and potentially devastating, is what will happen to your bank account or home loan if one partner passes away.
The risks associated with partners sharing a bank account is a case in point.
If the primary account holder of such an account passes away, the bank is required by law to freeze the account until the estate of the deceased person has been fully processed.
This requirement can be challenging for a surviving spouse or partner, even if they held separate bank accounts, but it is especially difficult in a joint arrangement, because the surviving partner would be unable to access the account, or the money in it, for the duration of the time it takes to wind up the estate.
Especially in Namibia, the surviving partner, if not married, may not be able to claim maintenance from the estate due to the informality of the arrangement as the law does not cater for this yet.
Proving that the funds in the account belonged to the surviving partner may become another stumbling block due to this as well.
Co-applicants on home loans can face similar problems.
When one of the co-applicants on a bond passes away, it impacts the entire credit agreement with the bank, which means that, in terms of the bond arrangement, the total amount owing on the loan would need to be paid back to the bank.
In any of these scenarios, the financial pressure placed on the surviving partner can be immense if adequate preparations have not been made.
While these preparations would differ according to the unique situation of each couple, there are some rules of thumb every financial partnership should adhere to.
If you have a bond, especially a joint one, make sure both parties have adequate life insurance in place to cover the full amount of the bond.
Don't ever be tempted to cancel that life insurance later in life, before the bond is fully paid off.
The older you are when a co-applicant dies, the more difficult it will be to refinance the loan or get credit elsewhere to pay it off.
Partners who share finances should also consider opening separate bank accounts and ensure they have access to enough money to cover their essential expenses for at least a month or two if their partner passes away.
I'm certainly not suggesting couples should not share their financial lives through things like bond co-applications, I'm just stressing how important it is that couples who take this approach to their finances are aware of the risks and make the necessary arrangements to mitigate them and take the time to discuss their full financial affairs openly and honestly.
Nobody wants to think about the possibility that their partner may pass away, but if your money matters are so closely interlinked, it is essential that you consider the possible repercussions and be sure you are prepared for them.
* Anielle von Finckenstein is the head of Pointbreak Wealth and Fiduciary, a FirstRand Namibia subsidiary.